What is PCOS?
POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME ALSO KNOWN AS POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE
It’s a Common Endocrinedisorder in Women of reproductive age group with incidence varying from 5 to 10%
Why it happens:
· It happens due to imbalance in the female hormones causing increase in male hormone levels
· Genetic factors
· Insulin resistance – body cannot use the insulin produced properly
o Irregular periods
o Heavy bleeding
o Pimples (Acne)
o Excess hair growth on face and body (hirsutism)
o Loss of hair on scalp
o Weight gain (obesity)
o Darkening of skin folds like neck, axilla and groins.
PCOS can also affect the body by causing
§ Metabolic syndrome – Diabetes, hypertension and increased lipid levels
§ Emotional changes – depression
How PCOS is diagnosed
Diagnosis is made on the combination
Ø Clinical presentation
Ø Blood tests and
Ø Ultrasound Findings.
What are the preventive measures?
Life style changes like
ü Weight loss -
ü Diet – low carbohydrate diet and avoidance of junk food
ü Regular physical activity (American heart association recommends at least 150 minutes of strenuous physical activity in a week)
What treatment options are available
Ø Anti-Acne medications for pimples
Ø Salicylic acid peels can be done. They help to open the pores so that the skin becomes clear.
Ø Laser hair reduction for increased hair growth
Ø Oral contraceptive pills
So, see your dermatologist who can diagnose this condition and start the treatment as early as possible.
Dr A Yeshwanth Kumar, Dr Prateek Sondhi