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PCOS

What is PCOS?

POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME ALSO KNOWN AS POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE

Introduction.

It’s a Common Endocrinedisorder in Women of reproductive age group with incidence varying from 5 to 10%

Why it happens:

· It happens due to imbalance in the female hormones causing increase in male hormone levels

· Genetic factors

· Insulin resistance – body cannot use the insulin produced properly





Common Symptoms

o Irregular periods

o Heavy bleeding

o Pimples (Acne)

o Excess hair growth on face and body (hirsutism)

o Loss of hair on scalp

o Weight gain (obesity)

o Darkening of skin folds like neck, axilla and groins.

PCOS can also affect the body by causing

§ Infertility

§ Metabolic syndrome – Diabetes, hypertension and increased lipid levels

§ Emotional changes – depression

How PCOS is diagnosed

Diagnosis is made on the combination

Ø Clinical presentation

Ø Blood tests and

Ø Ultrasound Findings.



What are the preventive measures?

Life style changes like

ü Weight loss -

ü Diet – low carbohydrate diet and avoidance of junk food

ü Regular physical activity (American heart association recommends at least 150 minutes of strenuous physical activity in a week)

What treatment options are available

Ø Anti-Acne medications for pimples

Ø Salicylic acid peels can be done. They help to open the pores so that the skin becomes clear.

Ø Laser hair reduction for increased hair growth

Ø Oral contraceptive pills

Ø Metformin

So, see your dermatologist who can diagnose this condition and start the treatment as early as possible.

Authors

Dr A Yeshwanth Kumar, Dr Prateek Sondhi

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